National Immigration Law Center
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Our mission is to defend & advance the rights & opportunities of low-income immigrants and their family members.

Asylum, Refugee, and Other Protected Statuses

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Issue Briefs and Other Resources 

Jaya Ramji-Nogales, Andrew Schoenholtz, and Philip G. Schrag, "Refugee Roulette: Disparities in Asylum Adjudication," Stanford Law Review, Vol. 60, 2008, available at SSRN.  From the abstract:  "The analysis reveals significant disparities in grant rates, even when different adjudicators in the same office each considered large numbers of applications from nationals of the same country.  In many cases, the most important moment in an asylum case is the instant in which a clerk randomly assigns an application to a particular asylum officer or immigration judge."  (The study's complete text can be obtained from SSRN.)  (See also:  Julia Preston, "Big Disparities in Judging of Asylum Cases," New York Times, May 31, 2007.)


Information from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

USCIS information regarding Temporary Protected Status (TPS) (link is to USCIS website).

Information for nationals or former residents of Sudan, Somalia, Burundi, El Salvador, Liberia, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Montserrat, Sierra Leone, Angola, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, dating to May 2000.


The disastrous consequences of the 7.0 earthquake that stuck Haiti on Jan. 12, 2010, prompted the Obama administration to make temporary protected status available to certain nationals and former residents of Haiti.  Below are documents issued by the Dept. of Homeland Security that provide information about TPS and other benefits available to Haitians as a result of the disaster.


Information regarding temporary protected status (TPS) and employment authorization is available on the Employment Eligibility Verification and Antidiscrimination Protections page.